Via: dragonsupremacy Source: sizvideos
I fucking love this.
I didn’t think anybody noticed.noticed lol and said fuck that
you a bitch
It’s called copula deletion, or zero copula. Many languages and dialects, including Ancient Greek and Russian, delete the copula (the verb to be) when the context is obvious.
So an utterance like “you a bitch” in AAVE is not an example of a misused you, but an example of a sentence that deletes the copular verb (are), which is a perfectly valid thing to do in that dialect, just as deleting an /r/ after a vowel is a perfectly valid thing to do in an upper-class British dialect.
What’s more, it’s been shown that copula deletion occurs in AAVE exactly in those contexts where copula contraction occurs in so-called “Standard American English.” That is, the basic sentence “You are great” can become “You’re great” in SAE and “You great” in AAVE, but “I know who you are” cannot become “I know who you’re” in SAE, and according to reports, neither can you get “I know who you” in AAVE.
In other words, AAVE is a set of grammatical rules just as complex and systematic as SAE, and the widespread belief that it is not is nothing more than yet another manifestation of deeply internalized racism.
If it weren’t for black people you wouldn’t have:
- air conditioning unit: Frederick M. Jones; July 12, 1949
- almanac: Benjamin Banneker; Approx 1791
- auto cut-off switch: Granville T. Woods; January 1,1839
- auto fishing devise: G. Cook; May 30, 1899
- automatic gear shift: Richard Spikes; February 28, 1932
- baby buggy: W.H. Richardson; June 18, 1899
- bicycle frame: L.R. Johnson; Octber 10, 1899
- biscuit cutter: A.P. Ashbourne; November 30, 1875
- blood plasma bag: Charles Drew; Approx. 1945
- cellular phone: Henry T. Sampson; July 6, 1971
- chamber commode: T. Elkins; January 3, 1897
- clothes dryer: G. T. Sampson; June 6, 1862
- curtain rod: S. R. Scratton; November 30, 1889
- curtain rod support: William S. Grant; August 4, 1896
- door knob: O. Dorsey; December 10, 1878
- door stop: O. Dorsey; December 10, 1878
- dust pan: Lawrence P. Ray; August 3, 1897
- egg beater: Willie Johnson; February 5, 1884
- electric lampbulb: Lewis Latimer; March 21, 1882
- elevator: Alexander Miles; October 11, 1867
- eye protector: P. Johnson; November 2, 1880
- fire escape ladder: J. W. Winters; May 7, 1878
- fire extinguisher: T. Marshall; October 26, 1872
- folding bed: L. C. Bailey; July 18, 1899
- folding chair: Brody & Surgwar; June 11, 1889
- fountain pen: W. B. Purvis; January 7, 1890
- furniture caster: O. A. Fisher; 1878
- gas mask: Garrett Morgan; October 13, 1914
- golf tee: T. Grant; December 12, 1899
- guitar: Robert F. Flemming, Jr. March 3, 1886
- hair brush: Lydia O. Newman; November 15,18–
- hand stamp: Walter B. Purvis; February 27, 1883
- horse shoe: J. Ricks; March 30, 1885
- ice cream scooper: A. L. Cralle; February 2, 1897
- improv. sugar making: Norbet Rillieux; December 10, 1846
- insect-destroyer gun: A. C. Richard; February 28, 1899
- ironing board: Sarah Boone; December 30, 1887
- key chain: F. J. Loudin; January 9, 1894
- lantern: Michael C. Harvey; August 19, 1884
- lawn mower: L. A. Burr; May 19, 1889
- lawn sprinkler: J. W. Smith; May 4, 1897
- lemon squeezer: J. Thomas White; December 8, 1893
- lock: W. A. Martin; July 23, 18–
- lubricating cup: Ellijah McCoy; November 15, 1895
- lunch pail: James Robinson; 1887
- mail box: Paul L. Downing; October 27, 1891
- mop: Thomas W. Stewart; June 11, 1893
- motor: Frederick M. Jones; June 27, 1939
- peanut butter: George Washington Carver; 1896
- pencil sharpener: J. L. Love; November 23, 1897
- record player arm: Joseph Hunger Dickenson January 8, 1819
- refrigerator: J. Standard; June 14, 1891
- riding saddles: W. D. Davis; October 6, 1895
- rolling pin: John W. Reed; 1864
- shampoo headrest: C. O. Bailiff; October 11, 1898
- spark plug: Edmond Berger; February 2, 1839
- stethoscope: Imhotep; Ancient Egypt
- stove: T. A. Carrington; July 25, 1876
- straightening comb: Madam C. J. Walker; Approx 1905
- street sweeper: Charles B. Brooks; March 17, 1890
- phone transmitter: Granville T. Woods; December 2, 1884
- thermostat control: Frederick M. Jones; February 23, 1960
- traffic light: Garrett Morgan; November 20, 1923
- tricycle: M. A. Cherry; May 6, 1886
- typewriter: Burridge & Marshman; April 7, 1885
BUT OH MAN WHAT WILL WE DO WITHOUT MCDONALDS :(((
This is the greatest response in history
Raven-Symoné just posted this image on her Facebook and polish, it’s made me MAD. This is what I write about it on Facebook:
As an African this image is infuriating to me personally.
1) Africa is a continent, not a country
2) Africa has prosperous, beautiful big cities with wealthy, comfortable, happy people as well as people in dire states of need.
THERE ARE EMPOVERISHED PEOPLE ALL OVER THE WORLD AND THEY ALL NEED OUR HELP. This common image of Africa as ‘Land of the Charity Cases’ makes me furious. You think of Africa and it’s all pitiful starving children, tears, hands extended, begging for your spare change and off cuts. I feel like Western Asia often gets tarred with the same brush. Charity is needed in Africa like it us needed in Asia, Europe, The Americas, Australasia, all over the world. I’m not saying STOP giving to charity I’m just saying that there are millions of people rich and poor in Africa and they demand respect not pity. We aren’t begging for your damned ice water, we are looking for ways to build pumps and wells in our villages. We don’t wan the food your child won’t finish at the table, we want the means to grow and buy our own. Africa is striving for Education, improved infrastructure, to create wealth for all of us that desire it, to create a future that isn’t war torn and tumultuous. We are more than just your ‘I’m such a good person’ trump card, we are millions of lives and languages and backgrounds and faces that are all grouped together, called primitive, with our hands twisted to look outstretched and begging.
THIS IS SO IMPORTANT.
According to an IRIN report in 2005, 82% of arable land in South Africa is still owned by Europeans and those of European descent through colonization.
Yet a lot of people be giving away dresses and bibles to “Africa” as a sum of thinking that is going to solve the problems persisting in specific countries in Africa.
Can we stop homogenizing the experiences of an entire continent for white saviour complexes please?
You are not helping the situations long term, and you are also continueing the racist perpetuation of Africans as “backwards”, “starving”, and “unable to fend for themselves”. When they are very much able to do so if it wasn’t for colonization and white supremacy, which you continue to perpetuate through unsustainable aid, and painting the picture of the “poor Africans”.
An acquaintance of mine posted this image and I commented that the bottom image should also say “America.” The US has had two huge water controversies lately…one in Detroit, where people’s water was being shut off, and an ongoing devastating drought in California. In fact, people were being fined for wasting water in CA because they were doing the ice bucket challenge. There are people in the US without access to clean water, food, etc.
Fuck this disaster porn narrative of “Africa.” If a person’s mind goes to “starving children in Africa “every single time they need to show how much worse off some people in the world are, then they’re perpetuating racism.
Don’t want nudes leaked? Don’t take nudes. Don’t want to be robbed? Stop owning things. Wanna avoid being killed? Buddy, quit living already!
the one TRUE secret to a great sex life
Via: radfemgurl Source: sothoros
Sweden’s 25 Provinces from North to South